It's good to know the difference.
Some of the basics of managing your career is to know how your current job fits within your mid-term plans and how it all fits within your long term plans. Mid-term plans should be your next two roles that support the vision of your aspirational job. Your aspirational job isn't the last one you'll have (the top of your ladder), but it is the big job that you believe shows you made it. In a large company it might be your first executive position.
Careers take time and I often remind people that patience is important. At the same time, you shouldn't let too many years pass with you being in the same role. Without movement, your management could get comfortable with you doing just what you are doing. You too, could get comfortable and it then becomes harder to get the next role.
So what is a job? Well - first of all, a job isn't a bad thing. Many people have a full life just working a job, making money, supporting a family, etc., etc. What separates this from a career is caring about the longer term plan and working it.
Many college graduates today might have to take a job. They might want to go right from school and embark on a career, but in the current environment it might not happen. That's fine. Don't panic. Take the job, earn some money, ensure you don't have to live in your parents house!!
And maybe that job can turn into a career starter. And if not, then you'll find another job to start your career. You've got time, have patience, but don't forget about the differences.